Now that you’ve found your profit margins, learn more about your business expenses bycalculating the out-of-pocket costs, gross sales, and profits.

To the right of the “Margin” column, add three more column headings to your spreadsheetfor Out-of-Pocket CostsGross Sales and Profit.

The Out-of-Pocket Cost is the number of items originally in stock multiplied by the costper unit.

This number tells you how much you spent to create your entire stock of each item.

Begin typing your formula in cell H2, Type an equals sign, and then add the cell numberfor Original Stock.

In this case, B2.

Add an asterisk to indicate multiplication.

Then, input the cell for Total Cost Per Unit.

In this example, it’s E2.

Press Enter.

The result of the formula appears in the cell.

Double check the math,then drag the formula to the rest of the column.

Now move on to gross sales.

Gross sales describes the total amount of money you received for an item.

In cell I2, type an equals sign, then multiply the total number of items sold by the retail price.

Press enter, and copy the formula down the rest of the column.

Next, determine your profit.

In an online business, or any company, understanding profitability is critical.

A company can’t stay in business without making a profitProfit is gross sales minus out-of-pocket costs.

In cell J2, type an equals sign, then subtract costs from sales.

Press enter, and drag to copy the formula down the column.

To make your spreadsheet easier to read as it gets larger and more complex, try freezecells.This keeps specific rows or columns from moving as you scroll through your spreadsheet.

Highlight the row containing your column headings, and freeze it.

Now the headings remain visible as you scroll through your spreadsheet.

Next, freeze the column containing your list of product types.

You’ve learned so much about calculating your inventory and expenses!

Consider this data when determining which products are most valuable for your business.

Even if you like an item, if it isn’t profitable, it’s probably not worth selling.

Now, it’s your turn: Add columns for “Out-of-Pocket Costs,”“Gross Sales,” and “Profit” Use formulas to calculate each total.

Copy formulas down each column.

And freeze the first row and column in your spreadsheet.

1. Introduction to Manage Expenses in a Spreadsheet

2. Build Your Expenses Spreadsheet

3. Use Formulas to Identify Inventories and Margins

4. Calculate Expenses and Profit of Each Product

5. Calculate Overall Expenses and Profit

6. Use Visual Cues to Identify Low Stock or High Costs